Redesign Your School Athletic Pavilion | 2014 National High School Architecture Competition #124

What's the problem here? Getting started on your athletic pavilion design.

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Gerald Ratner Athletics Center at the University of Chicago

Design Challenge Background

The challenge is to redesign your high school’s athletic facilities into an athletic pavillion. With national organizations emphasizing the importance of regular phyical activity to combat obesity, these spaces are more important (and used!) than ever. They are becoming communty spaces and spaces for connecting, cheering, and improving lifestyles.

Design Challenge Brief

You may redesign the interior of the existing athletic facilities, expand on the existing spaces, or design a completely new addition on to your school building. Your design should contain all the spaces and functions required for typical school athletic facilities – locker rooms, athletic equipment storage rooms, concession stands, trophy cases, water fountains, offices for athletics staff, bathrooms, exercise and weight rooms, and, of course, gym spaces. The redesigned pavillion should include ideas for both old and new ideas for athletic facilities. You should also consider sustainability issues and the environmental impact of your design.

For your Overview, it is important to post a short, but clear, ‘success statement’ that communicates the goals you hope to solve and achieve through your design solutions. When you’re nearly finished with your design project, you can go back to this success statement to see if your design has met the criteria you first proposed.

Advanced Technologies Academy (A-Tech) is a facility for students striving to get the best educations and to prepare themselves for university, but here body is just as important as the mind. Students are encouraged to stay fit and to exercise daily. We’re required to take physical education for two years, but who wants to exercise in a dark and dreary room? Students need some kind of motivation or reason to love exercise and to try to combat obesity. The first step to an enjoyable exercise experience is an engaging environment and functional equipment.

Design Problem: Currently, the gymnasium at Advanced Technologies Academy is in dire need of a face lift. The gym that now stands is unable to meet to the needs that must be fulfilled for the space to be usable. The gym wasn’t finished until six years after the school was open, in 2000. The design was meant to accommodate the 500-600 student population. In the past ten plus years, the student population has nearly double to approximately1100 scholars. When taking into consideration this little blurb of information, it becomes apparent that the overall size of the gym needs to be reevaluated and increased.

The locker rooms lack a place to store belongings and change without having to worry about knocking into another person. In addition, students have to share his/her locker with one-two other people since there are not enough for everyone to have their own.

Design Solution: To make A-Tech a place to exercise the mind as well as the body, I’ve decided to demolish the weight room and locker room areas. These areas of the gym are the least functional due to the lack of space and workability. I will then create an enhanced athletic pavilion for A-Tech.
The first task will be to add a second floor to the gym. The class sizes for physical education are ridiculous, with nearly 60 people in the girl’s class and even more in the boy’s class. Fitting that many people in to exercise is difficult and unfair to the students. With the addition of a second floor, there will be more areas to spread out and exercise. The second floor will include a race track that wraps around the room, a rock-climbing wall, and rooms that can host yoga, dance, table tennis, and additional storage.

The standing gym can serve as a basis for the new athletic pavilion. The main floor would need a few additions such as a new set of purposeful locker rooms, where every student will have their own locker, and a genuine weight room. Some new add-ons would be an indoor pool and indoor volleyball/tennis courts.

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In the Collect Info step of the design process, gather as much information as possible about your school's existing athletic facilities, both indoor and outdoor. You also want to learn as much as you can about the students and staff who will use it. You can't propose new solutions until you figure out and document what the existing problems are. 

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  • Take note of unsafe conditions or conditions that do not make sense (For example, not enough storage for soccer equipment; no place for fans to buy popcorn at events; no place for athletes to change clothes or store belongings).
  • Interview your school's athletic director, student athletes from various sports, and other staff and ask them what they like and dislike about the current facilities. What changes would they make to spaces if they had a choice?
  • Make a list of the features that you really like about how your athletic facilities look and function.
  • Make a separate list of all the ways your current athletic facilities are not so well designed.
  • Calculate the number of sports played at your school and the number of student athletes who play those sports. Consider how this information will affect your new athletic pavilion. How many teams will need to practice at the same time?
    • Do an analysis at different times of the day, week, or school year and create a chart or diagram with average usage and high / low points.
    • Do an analysis of the different types of equipment used by each sport. How much storage space is there currently? Is it enough? Too much?
  • Visit Flickr or another photo sharing site and search for other types of athletic facilities or gymnasioums to determine good and bad examples of how these can accommodate user’s needs.
  • Post images of buildings, colors, designs, textures, or other things that inspire you in this step. Make sure you give credit to your source!
  • Research other schools, universities, or public centers to determine good / bad examples of how athletic equipment and gear is stored and if anything is done to accommodate student athletes and the fans who use these outdoor facilities. What inspires you?

liahbean's work for the Collect Information step:

In a survey of the students, many reported that they were deeply unsatisfied with the lack of space in the gym and in the surrounding sports facilities.
Parts of the Gym in need of improvement: Boy’s and Girl’s Locker rooms – Currently, the locker...
The above pictures inspired some of my design choices when it came to designing the locker rooms...
The facilities at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas, provide spaces for the students to work out...
On my "tour of the site", I figured out some of the reasons why the gym was designed the...

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Columbia University Campbell Sports Center © Iwan Baan

In the Brainstorm Ideas step of the design process, you start to be inspired by new places and you put some early ideas down on paper that show what you've found in the Collect Info step. You also might take more photos to show specific new ideas you have. 

The simple diagrams you make here will help you understand how the existing library location and design compare with your new ideas.

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  • Draw a floorplan of your existing facilities. How are all of the different athletic spaces connected? What are the different pathways you can take through all of these spaces? Map all of these rooms and spaces.
  • Use Google Maps to view and print out an aerial photo of your school. Take measurements of the overall dimensions of your existing athletic facilities, both indoor and outdoor and use the aerial to map out the measurements.
  • Post this aerial map and sketch here so everyone can understand the relationship between your school building, the athletic fields, and the proposed site of your new pavilion. Describe the surrounding area and note existing structures such as the field, track, seating, storage, locker rooms, concession stands, and any fences. 
  • On a piece of tracing paper placed over the aerial photo of your school, sketch a diagram showing a large arc around the building to show the path of the sun throughout the day.  This drawing is called a site analysis diagram.  (Remember, the sun rises in the east and sets in the west.)

Think About

  • Will your new athletic pavillion replace your school's existing athletic facilities or become an addition to a different part of the building? Will it be built in an empty lot or space?  Will it be underground or built on the roof?  You decide.
  • Spend some time looking at the aerial photo of your school.  What types of other buildings surround your school?  Homes, businesses, parks, parking lots, or an empty field?  How will these other buildings impact the design of your new athletic pavillion?
  • What types of streets surround your school? Are they busy or quiet?   
  • Based on the site analysis diagram you've sketched, where is the sun located throughout the school day?
  • How can the indoor and outdoor areas of your new athletic pavillion be positioned to take advantage of the sunlight for good lighting?

liahbean's work for the Brainstorm Ideas step:

In order to come up with a fuctional yet astetically pleasing gym, I decided to sketch up some ideas as well as do some research for what makes a good gym.
These were my early sketches for the exterior of the gymnasium and pool areas.
To get all my ideas down before sketching, I decided to make a bubble diagram. The image above...
This is a picture of the current gym with labels of what each component of the building is.
The above image is an aerial view of Advanced Technologies Academy with labels of the various areas...

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WMS Boat House at Clark Park © Steve Hall Hedrich Blessing

In the Develop Solutions step, your rough ideas come together with drawings and models that can show others your solutions for a new library.

Important! Since DiscoverDesign is about investigating the design process, the other people viewing your project - other students around the country, your teacher, and the mentors - want to see how your ideas have changed over time. This means that while you're working on your digital model, you’ll want to be sure to keep re-saving it with a new file name every few days as you work through the steps.

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  • Draw a sketch or use software such as Google SketchUp, AutoCAD, or Revit to illustrate your ideas.  You can upload photos (JPG files) from your SketchUp model, video fly throughs (FLV files) of your SketchUp model, or drawings (DWF files) from AutoCAD.
  • Determine the best location for your new structure. Make side notes of where new elements may go or how you would change what is currently in place.
  • Make a list of all the unique spaces and features you plan to have in your athletic pavilion. 
  • Your athletic pavilion can include any types of spaces and features you feel are most important for your particular school, but here are a few suggestions:
    • Locker or changing rooms for home and visiting teams
    • Athletic equipment storage rooms
    • Concession stand
    • Trophy cases
    • Water fountains
    • Offices for athletic director or staff
    • Bathrooms for fans
    • Exercise or weight rooms
  • Use cardboard to create a 3D study model of early ideas. Or, create a rough digital study model of your ideas. These models don't need to show detail, just the overall size and massing for your athletic pavilion.
  • Show your ideas to your teacher and peers for some feedback. You can also review your progress with the test group you may have interviewed and test whether your design would meet their needs or address their concerns. Learn from the feedback you receive and incorporate into your final design solution.
  • Be sure to check out and make comments on other student design projects.
  • Do not leave work for the last minute! Going through a detailed design process requires time to gather information, develop ideas, and make improvements. This is difficult or impossible if you try to pull everything together a week before your project is due. Projects that are researched, developed, and well executed will always stand out!

liahbean's work for the Develop Solutions step:

To create a functional althetic pavilion for A-Tech students, I started off building the original structure through massing.
The locker rooms were one of the main areas that needed to be expanded. In the years since the A-...
The entryway for the current gym is gloomy and lacking light. For the new entryway for the the pool...
Looking back at the buildings I used for inspiration, the MGM recreational facility incorporated a...
Las Vegas is a hot place to live, so why shouldn't there be a pool? Since the city can get...

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Williams Natatorium at Cranbrook Academy © All rights reserved by Doctor Casino

The Final Design step of the design process is to create more finished drawings and models that illustrate your ideas to others. Remember, your explanation text, and the types of drawings, images, and models you share need to tell the whole story of your project to someone who may or may not have ever visited your school.

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  • Review your design and test it against your original sucess statement that you wrote for the Overview. Does it meet this criteria?
  • Does your final design meet the expectations of the student athletes and athletic director that you interviewed?  If not, you may need to go back to the drawing board and revise your design.
  • For your final design, you will want to post a short but effective paragraph of your process and the unique solutions you found and developed. Tell us about your ideas and how they may or may not have changed over the course of the project.
  • You might want to share floor plans, elevations, renderings of your digital model, photos of a physical model, or a video animation of your model.
  • But you aren't done yet! Be sure to comment on other projects in the competition to foster, encourage, and build an online design community of learners in DiscoverDesign.  CAF will also recognize students that provide both encouragement and constructive criticism on students' work throughout the run of the competition.

liahbean's work for the Final Design step:

In the end, my althetic pavilion didn't go along the lines of my original design.
This is the final design for the althetic pavilion.
This is the final design for the althetic pavilion.